Tuesday, 6 December 2016

Thoughts on volunteerism and refugees/immigrants

 The exact definition of volunteerism is the policy  of volunteering one's talents or time for charitable,educational,or other worldwide activites, especially in one's community.
 
 Where does UNICEF operate and where is it based? 
UNICEF's work is carried out in 192 countries through country programmes and National Committees. Some 85 per cent of the organization's posts are located in the field. There are seven regional offices as well as country offices worldwide, a research centre in Florence, a supply operation in Copenhagen and offices in Geneva, Tokyo and Brussels. UNICEF headquarters are in New York.


IMMIGRANTS

Immigration is the international movement of people into a destination country of which they are not natives or where they do not possess citizenship in order to settle or reside there, especially as permanent citizens or naturalized citizens, or to take-up  employment as a migrant worker  or temporarily as a foreign worker.

 REFUGEES

refugee, generally speaking, is a displaced person who has been forced to cross national boundaries and who cannot return home safely.They may also be called asylum seekers.

In conclusion,a refugee and an immigrant aren't the same,hence immigrants are not ''forced'' to leave their countries and they mostly do it in order to find a better paying job or generally a job whereas refugees are forced to leave their country because a war takes place there and they seek asylum in other countries.
Based on those information I firmly believe that the host countries should not in any case refuse entrance to those people who suffer from poverty and are probably praying for one slice of bread and one cup of water,here in Greece we think of those goods as something ordinary,however Greece's economy and in general the country hasn't got enough ''space'' for all those people and I also do not believe that because Greece is close to,for example,Iraq is the only one who has to take in all those people,so other countries of Europe,which have also experienced the bitterness of war through the world wars and know how sad and painful it is should also offer us some help by either by taking some of those people in and giving them a place to live or maybe give us some help in building asylums for those people.

Wednesday, 30 November 2016

Tolerance, black history and world hunger

FACTS ABOUT WORLD HUNGER
 1 963 million people across the world are hungry.
 Every day, almost 16,000 children die from hunger-related causes.
Hunger manifests itself in many ways other than starvation and famine. 
Countries in which a large portion of the population battles hunger daily are usually poor and often lack the 5 social safety nets we enjoy.

HOW DO WE LEARN PREJUDICE?

Many studies have shown that from the age of 3,children pick up terms of racial prejudice without really understanding their significance.

HOW DO WE PERPETUATE BIAS?

Bias is perpetuated by conformity with in-group attitudes and socializaion by the culture at large.

WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT UNCONSCIOUS STEREOTYPES?

Think about families and schools:supporting environment,open mindedness,new ideas beyond ''inherent'' roles and identities.

BLACK HISTORY

Black history month is a remembrance of important people and events in the history of the African diaspora.It is celebrated anually in the US  and Canada in February and the United Kingdom in October.

BLACK HISTORY FACTS

When the tradition of Black History Month had started in the US,many mainstream  academia had barely begun to explore black history.
Before Great Britain made it  illegal for the Colonists to be involved in the slave trade,between 600,000 and 650,000 Africans were forcibly brought to America.

Sunday, 27 November 2016

Tolerance and Black History

What is Tolerance?


Tolerance is a term used in cultural, social and religious background.The term “toleration” countenance or suffer generally refers to the conditional acceptance of or non-interference with beliefs, actions or practices that one considers to be wrong but still “tolerable”, such that they should not be prohibited or constrained.













Black History

Black History Month, is an annual celebration of achievements by black Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of African Americans in U.S. history.It is celebrated in Canada and in United Kingdom, too.The story of Black History Month begins in 1915, half a century after the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery in the United States. That September, the Harvard-trained historian Carter G. Woodson and the prominent minister Jesse E. Moorland found the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History , an organization dedicated to researching and promoting achievements by black Americans and other people of African descent.























Facts 
Before Great Britain made it illegal for the colonists to be involved in the slave trade, between 600,000 and 650,000 Africans were forcibly brought to America. They were transported across the Atlantic and sold into forced labor for the rest of their lives, leaving family and home behind. 




Monday, 21 November 2016

For more tolerance we need more .... tourism?

http://www.ted.com/talks/aziz_abu_sarah_for_more_tolerance_we_need_more_tourism/transcript?language=en

In this video we can watch a Palestinian entrepreneur and a peacebuilder talking about his past and the difficulties he has been through. His brother was beaten up and that caused his death. First he wanted to get revenge but then he changed his mind and he decided to study Hebrew and it was the first time that he met Jews that were not soldiers. Aziz Abu Sarah got on well with the Jews and ran a trip together to a Palestinian refugee camp to show them their traditions. This video was really touching and influential because it shows how to bring down the walls that separate people.

Music is medicine,music is sanity

In this speech, Rober Gupta talks about a promising musician whose career was cut short by an unfortunate and tragic affliction with paranoid schizophrenia.This had an enormous effect on his life and he ended up homeless in the streets of Skid Row.He refuses treatment because of being traumatized by the way he was treated in the past(shock therapy,Thorazine,handcuffs).These painful treatments left him a scar which made him prone to schizophrenic episodes.After listening to Beethoven's First and Fourth symphonies he met Rober and  he was really interested in taking violin lessons.He was in a state of agitation when his first violin lesson with Rober Gupta took place.He seemed lost.He talked about invisible demons and other such things that scared Rober.However, after Rober started playing the violin,his rage and maniac thoughts turned into understanding and grace,his look changed and he seemed better all of a sudden.After this he picked up his violin and started playing parts by ear.Music changed him from a disturbed and paranoid man to a charming and brilliant musician.

http://www.ted.com/talks/robert_gupta#t-354496

The Lady Lifers: A moving song from women in prison for life


This video is about the feelings of prisoners while the years are passing . It describes their emotions, their thoughts and the questions they came up with in this unknown ''home''. Moreover, they try to persuade themselves that prison isn't their home, but they'll finallly go out there and be proud of their strength. Futhermore, they have realized their faults and also they have recongnised their guilt and  ask questions such as: what will happen if they get through in this condition or whether they'll see their family again. Last but not least, they hope that they won't die alone in this ''cold place'' where everyone is a suspect of a wrong and regretted action , we can see that when the singers are crying. I chose this video due to the fact that they hope for a better future like everyone and their final message is strength and a brief summary of  their wants.


http://www.ted.com/talks/the_lady_lifers_a_moving_song_from_women_in_prison_for_life

"The Man That Can Sing Everything"

There is a video in TED.com that is called, "Tom Thum: The orchestra in my mouth", in which there is a man who is beatboxing many tastes of music in front of an audience. There is no doubt that Tom is really talented and has the ability to drive crowds mental, since he is the proof that music has no limits and it provides many ways to people to express the magic they keep inside them. I have also to say that this video made me understand that music is the language that all people can speak in order to interact with everyone in a pleasant and thrilling way. 

  

Tom Thum: The orchestra in my mouth

The video I watched demonstrated the unlimited possibilities of beatboxing.Tom skillfully showed us how he could create extraordinary sounds like trumpet,drums,or mandolin instrumentals.To make it more complex he used some devices which called them ''pads'' which helped him create longer and more interesting songs.But what I thought was really amazing about this video and generally Tom was that, although he was born and raised in a city which didn't quite help him improve his passion,he went against the odds and let his talent flourish inside of him resulting in him becoming not only a speaker of Ted but also an acknowledged artist.

http://www.ted.com/talks/tom_thum_the_orchestra_in_my_mouth/transcript?language=en#t-635354

Tuesday, 15 November 2016

The French Revolution

1) Watch this video: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/what-caused-the-french-revolution-tom-mullaney

2) Do the quiz in the "Think" section (next to the video).

3) Answer this question in a comment below:

What lessons can we apply from the French Revolution to present-day efforts to make society more equitable?

 

You can use this free online dictionary to help you: http://www.dictionary.com

Monday, 14 November 2016

Cultures and Globalization

What are the characteristics of culture?

Culture is a term that defines the characteristics of people of a specific area at a specific time.These characteristics are mostly their behavior,their beliefs, their way of thinking, their feelings,their preferences,their language, their food, their appearance and their religion.


How is culture transmitted?

                                                             
First of all, culture is not a biological trait for every native, it is learnt.
Culture can be transmitted in various ways. Some of them are: By imitation,children sometimes imitate their parents and they learn their culture and traditions through this; from stories that older people like uncles, aunts, grandparents or parents narrate to their children and are related to their culture; from their language, which is an essential characteristic of culture that passes down from generation to generation and transmits a part of one's national identity.

The concept of globalization
The worldwide movement toward economic, financial, trade, and communications integration.
Globalization implies the opening of local and nationalistic perspectives to a broader outlook of an interconnected and interdependent world with free transfer of capital, goods, and services across national frontiers. However, it does not include unhindered movement of labor and, as suggested by some economists, may hurt smaller or fragile economies if applied indiscriminately.

(source:http://www.businessdictionary.com/)

How does globalization affect culture?
Globalization can affect culture sometimes.Through globalization it is easy for not so widely popular native traditions, languages, music and generally culture to be consumed in the mass of the most popular cultures of the most financially developed places.
Many languages (and traditions) have gone extinct and numerous others are endangered while losing in popularity (e.g. Irish)

My opinion on the issue
From my point of view, even though I don't follow all the traditions having to do with Crete or Greece, I still like culture as an idea and I feel sad when I hear that cultures are becoming extinct and forgotten because of globalization.I feel like one's culture is a part of their identity and shall not be forgotten that easily.